Government lines up Rs 10,000 crore subsidy for mobiles, tablets in rural areas

By Anandita Singh Mankotia, ET Bureau | 7 Sep, 2013, 10.45AM IST
 NEW DELHI: The government is set to spend Rs 10,000 crore to give away 2.5 crore mobile phones at subsidised prices in rural areas and 90 lakh tablets free of cost to class XI and XII students across government schools, as it continues efforts to woo voters ahead of upcoming state and national elections.

The Congress-led coalition government plans to charge Rs 300 for a mobile phone which will be bundled with a monthly recharge of Rs 30 for a period of two years, according to an internal government document reviewed by ET.

The recharge will entitle the user to 30 minutes of airtime, 30 SMSes and 30 Mbps usage a month.

A separate document shows that the free tablets will come with 75 minutes talk time, 75 SMSes and 500 MB of data usage. For any usage beyond the prescribed limit, the beneficiary will have to pay. The objective of the tablet scheme is to empower the higher secondary students of XI and XII, the telecom department highlighted in the document.

Government lines up Rs 10,000 crore subsidy for mobiles, tablets in rural areas

The two projects will be funded through the universal services obligation fund (USOF), which is accumulated through an annual levy on mobile phone operators. The cash-rich USOF currently has a corpus of close to Rs 28,000 crore and gets around Rs 6,500 crore in contribution from telecom operators each year.

The proposals have been finalised and are expected to become operational after ratification by the  Telecom Commission — the highest decision-making body in the telecom department — and then the Cabinet.

The two schemes have been spread over four years and two years, respectively.

New Delhi will give out 25 lakh mobile phones in the first year, 50 lakh in the second, 75 lakh in the third and the rest in the fourth. For tablets, it’s 15 lakh in the first year.

State-run BSNL will be the executing agency, which will select the mobile phone and tablet manufacturer on the basis of competitive bidding, the two documents showed.

Both the projects will be implemented by state governments, which are tasked with identifying the beneficiaries as defined by the central government. The central government schools will be directly handled by the national government.

While the mobile phone scheme hopes to provide a phone “preferably” to a woman member of a household falling under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural employment Guarantee Programme (MNREGA), at least a minimum of 30% beneficiaries should be women members, the project design said. Only MNREGA beneficiaries, preferably having “Aadhar” will be eligible, the project brief specified.

Once implemented, these would be the latest sops the government is planning to woo a population, leading up to general elections which could be held early next year. This scheme would come close on heels of a food aid programme, the National Food Security Law, which aims to distribute cheap grains to nearly three fourths of India’s 1.2 billion people.


MTS prepaid offering local, STD calls at 10 p/min


Under this offer, local and national SMS are charged at 10 paisa

MTS, a part of Sistema Shyam TeleServices, today launched a new offer for its prepaid voice customers. Customers availing this offer, called as ‘Return of 10 Paisa’, need to pay Rs 11 to enjoy all MTS to MTS local, and national calls at 10 paisa per minute and local and national SMS at 10 paisa.


Mobile and DTH Business

Rohit sengar Managing Director Sengar's Business Prodigies Pvt. Ltd.

Rohit sengar
Managing Director
Sengar’s Business Prodigies Pvt. Ltd.

What is the mobile DTH recharge business all about?

With the user base for Telecom and DTH subscribers growing leaps and bounds, a number of third-party recharge players like FreewayRecharge are trying to tap into this fastest growing market.

Imagine you reach home  after a long day at work. Suddenly you realize that you have to make an urgent call or your DTH needs to be recharged as you have run out of cash balance.

What do you do?   Do you want to make the effort of going all the way to a recharge shop to top-up your account.  Well, there is a simple solution to this  problems: simply log on to website and recharge your mobile or DTH account within minutes. And that too at the convenience of your home! Paid  through a safe and secure payment gateway provided by E-Billing Solutions  were you could pay through your Debit/Credit Card or Net Banking.  Could this be a potential business opportunity for many? And what if do not have excess to internet facility.  In this article, we shall  discusses on the nitty-gritty of entering doing such a business.

How big is the Telecom and DTH Recharge  market?

The telecom industry in India is growing at breakneck speed, and the majority of the growth is contributed by the wireless or mobile segment. In July 2009, TRAI estimated India’s tele-density to be 41.08 with the total telephone subscriber base reported to be 479.04 million. Of this, while the wire line base was just 37.41 million, wireless subscription (including GSM, CDMA and FWP) accounted for 441.66 million connections. What is even more interesting is that a majority of the wireless connections, almost 90% of them are prepaid. Given an ARPU of around Rs 200, we can assume that an average recharge is Rs 200 per month, or Rs 2400 per year. Based on these numbers, the recharge industry size works out to be approximately Rs 9600 crore per year.
Talking of DTH, though the number of players in this sector are few, they are also reportedly expanding at 35-40%. India’s TV viewership is believed to be the second highest in the world and is expected to swell up to 35-40 million by 2012. The installed base of DTH is very small compared to this number. So, this space also remains mostly untapped and could offer a big opportunity to  recharge players.

The Industry Landscape
Mobile connections in India 441.66 million
Prepaid connections (90%) 397.49 million
Average recharge per month per person Rs. 200
Average recharge annually per person Rs. 2400
Total Recharge Industry Rs. 9600 crore

Business models (Online and Offline)

The recharge market in India is vast and is on the lookout for new channels to expand. Currently, the market can be broadly split into two – offline and online. 


Offline Recharge Market:

The offline sector is dominated by scratch cards that are distributed by telecom players and sold through retail outlets ranging from Mobile sales and repair shops to the more generic pan shops.
Currently, the market is dominated by recharge cards than by e-recharges. The scratch card segment works through a PIN recharge model, wherein a telecom service provider sells a 16 digit PIN to the user through the scratch cards. For this, a number of background processes take place at the service provider’s end including the generation and scrambling of the 16 digit PIN, printing it and then the customer (or more usually the retailer) SMSes the code to the service provider to recharge the customers account.

Typically, each service provider has multiple recharge plans (usually 5 or more) running at any time and each telcom circle has about 5 players. So, a retailer has to stock 25-30 different varieties of scratch cards. In practice, the retailer stocks only the more popular plans and sometimes is even selective about the service provider. So, a given retailer may actually stock under 10 different recharge options.

The margins in the recharge business is wafer thin. There is no concept of wholesaler in this business. For most retailers, recharge cards are top-up income or at best help draw customers who may also buy something else from him. More money is to be made from activation (selling a new prepaid SIM card to a customer and activating his number) than from selling a recharge coupon. The online recharge model does away with the retailer but every one in India specially the rural India does not have excess to debit/Credit cards or internet banking  but Mobile phones and DTH have entered these area creating a vast business opportunity and that is were the role of Single SIM recharge through SMS plays a very big role.

Online Recharge Market:

On the other hand, the online recharge business is serviced by several channels – the service providers through their own websites and recharge through ATMs have been the traditional methods here. Third party recharge players such as, are the new entrants in the fray. Who provide a safe and secure payment gateway of      E-Billing Solutions  were a customer could pay through his Debit/Credit Card or Net Banking.

Since the user interface of these players is a website, the target audience is mostly urban population. Defining the target audience base further, only those with easy internet access as well as those who feel comfortable purchasing online are currently customers to this service. According to a study conducted by the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) and IMRB International, India had an estimated 45.3 million ‘active’ Internet users as on September 2008, of whom 42 million were from the urban areas. This could as well be the potential customer base for an online third party recharge player. There are some moves by the online players to dramatically increase their target base. More about that later.

How is freewayrecharge different from other recharge companies and  does Single SIM Recharge  also known as Single SIM Multi Recharge model work?

Freewayrecharge provides its customers to recharge their Pre Paid Mobile Phones. Data Card and DTH through safe and secure payment gateway of EBS as well as by subscribing for its Single SIM Recharge were we provide online as well as offline  recharge options to customers. There are several reasons behind this. From the point of view of consumers, this option offers convenience.  We ease this process by providing all the recharge options of all telecom players on a single platform online as well as offline by activating your SIM Card as a Multi Recharge Machine. The customer need not spend any amount by changing his mobile phone or SIM card. Every consumer who is registered can deposit  fund in our company account and receive fund in his wallet that can be accessed online as well as offline via SMS and at the convenience of their homes. This also gives customer the right to chose how he would like to recharge his mobile, data card or DTH throughout India by using the payment gateway facility or wallet facility provided by freewayrecharge.

Moreover, the expertise of the telecom service provider is to provide service rather than selling recharge coupons. And this kind of feature is even difficult to find on most service providers’ websites”.
What is the revenue model?

So how do these players make money? These players either deal with the telecom players directly or through aggregators. Similar is the case with DTH services. Whenever a customer comes to the site for a recharge, the telecom service provider pays up to an average of 4% of the recharge amount to the third party vendors.

DTH Players
Tata Sky
Sun Direct TV
Airtel Digital TV
Dish TV
Reliance Big TV

The recharge vendor has to pay about 3% to the payment gateway provider. That typically leaves the recharge player with a 1 % margin, from which all their costs including technology costs have to be met. And that makes this a volume game. Of course, these percentages are negotiable, given volumes and relationships with payment gateways and service providers.

Some players have incorporated other revenue channels for increasing their margins. One way is to charge a transaction or convenience fee like IRCTC does. For example, and charges an Internet service charge of 11% and 4% respectively to its customers. Another revenue source (albeit a minor one) could be Internet advertising.
Some challenges

There are several challenges that this segment of the industry faces. One, establishing a relation with the telecom players is a hard nut to crack. This is because these players already have a fairly good distribution network for scratch cards. Two, since this sector is dependent on technology, it needs constant upgradation. Security of online transactions is another critical factor. Managing dealings with payment gateways require constant monitoring and reconciliation. Automated systems that can do this become the norm for large volumes. You also need an efficient redressal system to deal with customers who pays for a recharge but whose recharge does not happen. for example says that they try to keep this down by doing an automatic credit back if a recharge is not successful at the service provider end – that is, if their systems do not get an acknowledgment from the service providers’ systems of a successful recharge.

Like we briefly discussed earlier, another way could be to increase the target audience by introducing new channels or aggressively adopting existing channels to your business. One of the limitations for the online recharge business has been the limiting of their target audience to the urban population with easy Internet access. On the other hand, large volumes of recharge users become part of your target if you include rural and those with no internet access. The route to this of course is the huge mass of retailers who deal with paper based recharge coupons.

One way of doing it is similar to what IRCTC has done – enable existing resellers (agents in the case of IRCTC) to use your platform and add that to your business. For e-recharge, the online recharge player has to first create an e-wallet for the retailer who then recharges against the balance available in his wallet. An e-wallet is a virtual wallet, i.e. a retailer has to credit his e-wallet account in advance and recharges done gets debited against that, much like a debit card.


It is early days still for the business of online recharge. The number of players is still small. The potential market size is huge, but the margins are wafer thin. The winners will be not just the ones who achieve scale and efficiencies of operation which are given, but the ones who are able to break through the clutter and add new income sources or payment options like micro payments to their existing platforms.




2G: Reliance Telecom moves SC against summoning Anil, Tina Ambani as witnesses


NEWreliance DELHI: Reliance Telecom Ltd (RTL) on Monday moved the Supreme Court challenging trial court’s order summoning Reliance ADAG chairman Anil Ambani and his wife Tina Ambani as prosecution witnesses in 2G spectrum allocation scam case.
A bench headed by Chief Justice P Sathasivam, before whom the matter was mentioned for an urgent hearing, agreed to hear the case and posted it for July 24 before an “appropriate bench”.
RTL, facing trial in the case, moved the Supreme Court against the trial court’s order as the apex court had earlier restrained all other courts, including high court, from entertaining any plea arising out of 2G scam case.

The trial court had on July 19 allowed CBI’s plea that the testimony of Anil Ambani and Tina Ambani may throw light on alleged investment of over Rs 990 crore by his group companies in Swan Telecom, facing trial in the case along with its promoters Shahid Usman Balwa and Vinod Goenka.

It had said CBI’s plea to summon Anil Ambani, Tina and 11 others as prosecution witnesses was essential for arriving at a just decision in the case.

Testimony of Anil and Tina is required to prove the facts “pertaining to incorporation of shell companies as some of the witnesses examined earlier have not been able to do so,” it had said.
The court had dismissed the contentions of the counsel for the accused persons that CBI’s plea “suffers from the vice of delay” saying the process of examination of prosecution witnesses is still underway.

RADAG’s Group company RTL is an accused in the case. Three top Reliance ADAG executives — Gautam Doshi, Surendra Pipara and Hari Nair — are also facing trial in the case.

The agency had alleged RTL used Swan Telecom, an ineligible firm, as its front company to get 2G licenses and the costly radio waves.


 Logon to for Pre Paid Mobile, Data Card and DTH Recharge. Contact us to activate your mobile for Single SIM Multi Recharge by SMS

Single SIM Recharge- Start your own mobile business


uninorMTNLBSNLVideoconAirtel dthReliance DTHSun DTHTata PhotonePicture3

FreewayRecharge Store is The Most Powerful business concept , Recharge any mobile, data card or DTH with your own mobile throughout India, Now Recharge on your fingertips , 100% Risk free business with low start-up, Risk free business plan and easy to explain.

The telecom industry in India is growing at breakneck speed, and the majority of the growth is contributed by the wireless or mobile segment.

As per the TRAI latest release India is having 90 Cr Telecom Subscribers out of 87 Cr are Mobile Subscribers. What is even more interesting is that a majority of the wireless connections, almost 90% of them are prepaid.

As per ARPU (Average revenue per user) Calculated Average recharge per month per person Rs. 250 , Average recharge annually per person Rs. 2800 . Based on these numbers, total recharge industry approximately Rs. 2.99 lakh Cr per year.

Logon to for Pre Paid Mobile, Data Card and DTH Recharge. Contact us to activate your mobile for Single SIM Multi Recharge by SMS